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Immigration into USA

Terms

I-94:

The document received by non-US citizens and non-US permanent residents upon entry into the United States which states place, date, status of entry and time allowed to remain in the US. The US CIS may not always issue an I-94 document to Canadian visitors for business (B1) or pleasure (B2).

H2B visa:

Non-immigrant work visa for temporary, non-agricultural workers entering the United States for temporary work which can be classified as seasonal, intermittent, peak load or one-time occurrence and for which US workers are in short supply.

H1B visa:

Non-immigrant work visa for professional and specialty occupations.

Dual Intent:

A feature of certain non-immigrant statuses such as H1B, L1A and O-1. Allows the non-immigrant beneficiary to commence permanent residency petition while continuing to hold non-immigrant status.

Diversity Lottery:

Lottery which makes 55,000 immigrant visas available to people who come from
countries with low rates of immigration to the United States.

Citizenship:

A person who, either through birth or through naturalization, has full rights, privileges and protection of living in a particular country. Unless born in the United States or born to a US Citizen parent, most non-Americans will not acquire US citizenship immediately. Citizenship is NOT the same as permanent residency or non-immigrant status.

Beneficiary:

The non-US citizen or non-US permanent resident who will be gaining the benefit of the petition. For employment-based petitions, the employee who is being sponsored to the US is the Beneficiary. For family-based petitions, the person who is being sponsored to the US by his/her relative is the Beneficiary.

B-2:

Non-immigrant visitor for pleasure.

B-1:

Non-immigrant business visitor.

Alien:

Any person not a citizen or national of the United States